20th anniversary of the beginning of the genocide
Rwanda: the French authorities persist in their denial
April 7th is the international day of remembrance of the genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda in 1994, which caused nearly one million deaths in three months. Every year for 20 years, Survie and other associations mobilized in the struggle for truth and justice after this crime, expect a speech from the French authorities to recognize the role they played during the genocide: a multifaceted complicity (diplomatic military, economic) documented by a considerable amount of works and confirmed again this morning by a former French officer on the ’France Culture’ radio station.
- Rwanda 1994 - La France complice © Régis Marzin http://regismarzin.blogspot.fr/
For the association Survie, the position of the Socialist government on the genocide and the role of the French state must, in 2014, be to go beyond what has already been expressed by Nicolas Sarkozy and Bernard Kouchner in 2010 which had recognized France’s "mistakes" .
However, we may be witnessing a sharp decline in French public discourse on the genocide. After missing several meetings , the French authorities have decided this time to cancel the announced participation of the Minister of Justice at the 20th annual commemoration of the genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda, following public accusations of complicity and direct participation in the genocide, brought against France by Rwandan President Paul Kagame. Contrary to the Belgian government which has also been challenged, but has maintained the expected representation, French leaders have chosen to move backwards in history and not to honour the memory of the victims with the consideration they deserve.
This decision is further proof of the inability of the French government to assume the sins of its past and to take lessons from history, while it freely lectures other countries about doing this. .It also marks the growing fracture of the French government with civil society in our country and younger generations, including in the ranks of socialist activists  for whom complicity in this crime is proven and should be recognized. Rather than the lucidity of the youth of his own party, will François Hollande choose to adhere to Alain Juppé’s calls for denial, repeated in recent days after a citizens’ questioning for his role during the genocide?
Under the pretext of protecting a certain vision of France’s army and it’s honour, former political and military leaders urge François Hollande to keep silent on the most shameful secrets of the French army and diplomacy in Rwanda: Alain Juppé, then Minister of Foreign affairs; Hubert Védrine, Secretary General of the Elysee under Mitterrand; Paul Quilès, (who in 1998 smothered the most damning of the parliamentary information mission conclusions); or the former officers of the association France Turquoise. For many of these defenders of the role of France in Rwanda, there is the recurring issue of the termination of the current Rwandan regime and its role in the sub-region since 1994 - a subject that should in no way overshadow the role of French state in the genocide.
It is not the responsibility of our association to comment on recent statements by Paul Kagame, but instead to continue to question our former politicians who have acted on our behalf. Numerous testimonies, documents, investigations demonstrate the multifaceted complicity of the French state in the genocide and even the possibility that French officers had knowingly allowed crimes to be committed, or that French soldiers themselves had committed crimes (rape or murder). The example of Bisesero Hill, where thousands of Tutsi were left in the hands of the murderers between 27 and 30 June 1994, is illuminating in this regard. More generally, it should be noted that the French authorities argued extremists committed genocide through training, arms supplies, diplomatic support, up until organizing their evacuation to Zaire. Providing this assistance, knowingly, regardless of motivation, has a precise legal qualification: complicity in genocide.
In 2005, Survie as a civil party filed several complaints against X by survivors of the genocide aimed at the French militaries’ Operation Turquoise. Today, the revelations continue. On the ’France Culture’ radio station, a former French officer, William Ancel, testified that Turquoise was initially for offensive purposes, until mid-July 1994, when France surrendered their weapons to the former FAR (Rwandan Armed Forces) refugees in Zaire though a number of them had participated in the genocide, and that our country had paid them their soldiers’ wages in dollars . Which political and military leaders were able to give such orders?
These facts have not been put at trial, and many documents remain classified, which allows French officials to comfort themselves with denial. However, the role played before and during the genocide by a number of French politicians and military officers, some of whom still bear administrative or political responsibilities, should one day be considered by the courts. If our association has welcomed the first trial of a Rwandan genocide perpetrator on French soil and the recent conviction of Pascal Simbikangwa, as it frequently points out, it is the case that many legal cases drag on for too long, beyond the reasonable time necessary to judge.
As a duty to the victims, it is time for the French leaders and justice to illuminate the many grey areas that surround the action of the French State from 1990 to 1994, and to prosecute and try any French accomplice complicit to the genocide. To do this, it is essential that all French documents on the role of France in Rwanda are finally declassified and published .
 Mr. Kouchner has even stated recently that there were "some strange orders" during Operation Turquoise, and concerning the genocide, that "everything was prepared with illicit consent, implied .. I don’t really know".Rwandan genocide: Kouchner recognizes the "implied consent" of France , RTL.fr, 06/04/2014.Updated: 07/04/2014 12:30by Liberation Kouchner recalled these last days "that" genocidal government was formed within the walls of the Embassy of France in April 1994, "and that "Paris had delivered arms until August 1994.""
 precipitated departure of Kigali Secretary of State Muselier in April 2004, notable absence of a political representative at the commemoration of 2013 in Paris.
 Note that Hollande had "urged Turkey on January 27 to write the "memoire"of the genocide of hundreds of thousands of Armenians." Hollande calls on Turkey to write the "memoire" of the Armenian genocide , AFP, 01/27/2014
 Cancellation of participation in 20th annual commemorations of the genocide of the Tutsis in Rwanda: a mistake unworthy of France, communiqué du MJS du 05/04/2014
A lire aussi
- Implications politiques militaires françaises - Rwanda : les autorités françaises persistent et nient
- 234 - avril 2014 - Manipulations françaises autour d’un attentat
- Implications politiques militaires françaises - Rwanda : 20 ans après, la France peine à poursuivre et condamner les génocidaires et leurs complices
- Nos actions en justice - Une étape dans la lutte contre l’impunité des auteurs et complices du génocide des Tutsi au Rwanda
- 184 - Octobre 2009 - « Tous savaient qu’il y avait des mercenaires français »
- 144 - Février 2006 - Noires fureurs, blancs menteurs (Pierre Péan)
- Justice - Survie et sa présidente Odile Tobner citées à comparaître pour « injures publiques » !
- Nos actions en justice - Asile politique refusé à Agathe Habyarimana
- Feb28 Talence La Françafrique : hier et aujourd'hui
- Mar1 La Rochelle Discussion sur Total Alain Deneault
- Mar2 Nantes Total - Conférence avec Alain Deneault
- Mar3 Rennes De quoi Total est elle la somme?
- Mar4 Salon anticolonial
- Mar25 Paris Manifestation anticoloniale
- 385/809 Cameroon
- 567/809 Chad
- 483/809 France’s complicity in the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda
- 271/809 Tax havens
- 744/809 Rwanda
- 150/809 Affaire Elf
- 178/809 Afrique
- 123/809 Aide Publique au Développement
- 112/809 Algérie
- 149/809 Angolagate
- 142/809 Areva
- 242/809 Armée française
- 139/809 Assassinat du juge Borrel
- 446/809 Élections
- 209/809 Biens mal acquis
- 100/809 BNP Paribas
- 183/809 Bolloré
- 142/809 Burkina Faso
- 271/809 Côte d’Ivoire
- 131/809 Censure/Liberté d’expression
- 129/809 Centrafrique
- 161/809 Colonisation
- 121/809 Comores
- 158/809 Conflit armé
- 411/809 Congo Brazzaville
- 282/809 Coopération militaire
- 102/809 CPI (Cour Pénale Internationale)
- 107/809 Crimes contre l’humanité
- 118/809 Criminalité financière
- 157/809 Darfour
- 214/809 Denis Sassou Nguesso
- 101/809 Dette
- 421/809 Dictateurs (Amis de la France)
- 120/809 Diplomatie, business et dictatures
- 166/809 Djibouti
- 183/809 Droits humains
- 102/809 Faure Gnassingbé
- 809/809 Françafrique
- 560/809 France
- 254/809 Gabon
- 407/809 Génocide
- 121/809 Guinée Conakry
- 313/809 Idriss Déby
- 232/809 Impunité
- 308/809 Jacques Chirac
- 375/809 Justice
- 143/809 Mafiafrique
- 121/809 Mali
- 118/809 Mauritanie
- 278/809 Médias / Communication
- 230/809 Mercenariat
- 164/809 Multinationales
- 332/809 Nicolas Sarkozy
- 162/809 Niger
- 140/809 Omar Bongo
- 153/809 Organisation des Nations Unies
- 172/809 Patrick Balkany
- 280/809 Pétrole
- 270/809 Pillages des ressources
- 106/809 Population victime
- 124/809 Racisme
- 147/809 Répression
- 249/809 République Démocratique du Congo
- 151/809 Soudan
- 425/809 Togo
- 108/809 Total Fina Elf
- 104/809 Ventes d’armes